Built in 1984, The Brindisi site has a certified laboratory for the study, as well as the physical, chemical, biological and environmental characterisation of solid, liquid and gaseous matrices. It also evaluates the reuse potential of waste materials created during the energy production process, and develops new methods of analysis of the release and migration of contaminants in soils.
Re-use of Thermoelectric Waste
Following a series of vigorous checks of coal ash treatment technology, the development of a quality control system and flue gas desulphurisation, thermoelectric waste is now considered an environmentally friendly energy resource. Enel is working towards making it a key part of its renewable energy programme.
Verification of Source Apportionment
The Brindisi centre evaluates the environmental impact of coal power plants, by studying the effects of particulate air pollution on the atmosphere. This is done by carrying out a complete chemical characterisation any of polluting particles, and running them through an automatic recognition check, which compares them to particles previously collected on sampling filters.
Separation and Storage of Carbon Dioxide
Enel is one of the leading developers of carbon capture and storage (CSS), a chemical absorption process in which CO2 is captured by sorbents, in order to create a heat-sensitive compound that when heated releases pure CO2. It is then stored in a geological formation over 1000 metres deep and sufficiently permeable and insulated to allow high pressure liquid CO2 to be injected inside it, thus avoiding its release into the environment.
Biological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide
New research taking place in Puglia also looks at how CO2 can be transformed into a substance suitable for use in the production of biomass and biodiesel fuels. This includes studies on the use of microalgae in carbon fixation.
Enel’s wind energy project aims at developing a model for forecasting short-term wind generation, using data gathered through weather forecasts, territorial studies and the performance of windpower plants. The results will provide information that should assist individual plant production and management of the electricity grid.
The Energy Farm
The Brindisi centre develops integrated chains for the production of electricity and heat from agricultural and forest biomass. At the Energy Farm, Enel runs evaluations of production processes and the profitability of biomass, and we also assess pre-treatment systems (and equipment) and site logistics. The centre also tests different energy conversion systems on an experimental scale, which includes use of a 500 kWt (kilowatt of thermal energy) combined external combustion facility.