56 specific recommendations on how to achieve atruly sustainable development are contained in the report "Resilient People Resilient Planet: A future worth choosing", drawn up by the UN High-Level Panel on Global Sustainability. The report was presented by the Ethiopian president Tarja Halonen and the South African Prime Minister Jacob Zuma at a meeting held by the United Nations at Addis Abeba (Ethiopia), on January 30th.
With this study, the UN stressed the need, more than ever before, to achieve sustainable development aimed at tackling the critical economic and environmental situation that countries are facing worldwide. The 56 recommendations that are contained in this report state precisely this double aim: to reduce poverty and to protect the environment.
Among the suggestions originating from the report "Resilient People Resilient Planet", particular evidence is given to the promotion of alternative energy to achieve the target of replacing, by 2030, a significant share of energy from fossil fuels with an equal amount from wind or solar photovoltaic plants.
The UN reiterates its urge to promote carbon free generation, as prescribed by the philosophy of environmental and economic sustainability that Enel has been following for many years. Presently the Group generates more than 30% of its electricity from renewable sources and 46% of it is totally carbon free.
Following this line, the report asked to enact the green public procurement, that is, the obligation for public offices to buy goods and services according to specific criteria of environmental sustainability, and to seek the economic promotion of green technologies, also establishing partnerships between the public and the private sectors.
The recommendations include:
- products that are necessities must be made available to the inhabitants of the world at an accessible price, so that they can purchase them;
- labels on products must inform on the environmental impact caused by their production process;
- welfare indicators must take account of other factors besides GNP.
- a global educational fund must be established, aimed at ensuring access to primary education by 2015 and to secondary schools by 2030 to the entire world population.