Smart cities include environmental protection, energy efficiency and economic sustainability in a new urban paradigm which aims to improve quality of life and create new services for the people. In a smart city, infrastructure, services and technology come together to shape a town designed for the needs of its habitants.
More efficient consumption behaviours, renewable energy, new products and services and the development of new technological and scientific skills will create a more efficient and better integrated urban environment.
Smart cities are based on smart grid technology, which enable a number of energy efficiency measures. Transport systems are sustainable, street lighting is efficient, buildings are equipped with sensors and devices aimed at cutting energy consumption and energy networks are managed in a smarter way.
The electricity network allows greater integration of energy produced by renewable power plants into the system while services such as active demand and electric mobility offer more to consumers. It is thanks to the work experience of Enel that the idea of the smart city is becoming a reality.
The first pilot cities taking part in the project in Italy are Genoa and Bari, where Enel has developed plans that will help them reach their environmental sustainability targets. Enel has also signed agreements with Bologna, Pisa and the Fondazione Torino Smart City to support the development of their smart city projects.
Enel is also taking part in smart city projects in Malaga and Barcelona in Spain, Buzios in Brazil and Santiago in Chile. Malaga was the first European smart city trial in 2009. The project is coordinated by Endesa in the framework of the efforts to reach the European Union's climate and energy 20-20-20 targets.