Protection of biodiversity is a strategic objective within Enel's environmental policy. The Group promotes projects all over the world, with the aim of supporting the safeguard of ecosystems and natural habitats in the various areas in which it is present both as an industrial operator and as a vital member of social life.
Strategies, actions and specific plans carried out in the field of biodiversity originate from initiatives that are mostly voluntary or that follow agreements having been signed during authorisation processes for the construction of plants, and are never directly prescribed by domestic regulations.
In 2013 the mapping of activities for biodiversity protection across the Group was completed, and this led to an Enel “Group Plan for Biodiversity”, which includes 133 projects - of which 34 have been completed between 2011 and 2012 while 98 are still ongoing – with a financial commitment since 2011 of around 21 million euros. These projects regard areas surrounding its generation plants and other facilities and consist in various types of activities, including monitoring, protection, research and improvement projects, compensation or correction measures and social-environmental studies. Enel believes that any activity that affects ecosystems necessarily implies an accurate knowledge of existing balances in the areas in which it operates.
Therefore, protected areas close to each plant have been monitored, emphasising reasons that justify their protection, valuable ecosystems, biotypes and animal or vegetable species that must be preserved due to their risk of extinction and impacts have been evaluated. The knowledge of species that are present allow to identify those that are included in the “red list” of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and being aware of the level of risk the necessary measures of protection can be adopted. The results of the monitoring show how the activities are carried out in full balance with the natural environment while protecting biodiversity.
Plant operations in many locations include the implementation, together with local bodies, terrestrial, fluvial and marine bio-monitoring campaigns carried out by independent third parties with the aim of assessing the influence on biodiversity of the performed activities and the adequacy of compensation or improvement measures that might have been enacted.