Endesa is continuing its efforts to preserve forest heritage from the Pyrenees across to the Andes. The International Day of Forests, introduced by the United Nations last year, has offered the business yet another opportunity to reaffirm its commitment to reforestation and to the geomorphological, hydrogeological and landscape restoration of the areas that house its power plants.
Over 1.2 million trees of a wide variety of different species have been planted in Spain in the areas surrounding the As Pontes, Peñarroya, Utrillas, Cercs, Andorra and (still active) Puertollano coal mines. The project, which has been supported by a series of fire prevention measures, has resulted in a recovery of approximately 5,200 hectares of land. Last year, a total of €21 million was invested in trimming trees along 21,624 kilometres of high and medium voltage lines. Since 2012, research has also been carried out on the potential effects of light pollution on forest invertebrates.
Endesa has extended its environmental restoration projects across the Atlantic Ocean. For the past six years its San Ignacio del Huinay Foundation in Chile has been working with a tree nursery to restore Huinay's native forest in the south of the country. Today the nursery houses 30,000 plants, encompassing a total of 37 native species such as the Larch, Ulmo and the Pilgerodendron Cypress. In July last year about a thousand trees were planted, which had a survival rate of over 90 percent.
Since 2011, the Endesa Forest project has been working to protect 690 hectares of upper Andean forest in the lower basin of Colombia's Bogotá River. The initiative earned the WWF BIBO award for best environmental practices related to reforestation.
Since 2008, a project being carried out in the vicinity of the Cachoeira Dourada Hydroelectric Plant reservoir in Brazil has seen the reforesting of as many as 54 hectares of native vegetation along theParnaíba River, with a total of 30 hectares of land regenerating naturally. Endesa's subsidiary Coelce has also been supporting economic development in the La Caatinga region, a semi-arid region rich in biodiversity that is one of the world's most populated, by encouraging the use of eco-efficient solar-powered ovens and stoves and by carrying out training programmes on the production of local plants.