Enel renewable energy facilities have become a magnet for representatives of scientific associations, governmental bodies and academic institutions from across the world, who visit the Group's plants and research centres to learn more about its innovations expertise and history.
Since 2000, more than 150 delegations have visited the Larderello geothermal power plant from countries including Chile, China, the United States and Indonesia. The most recent guests were from the Belgian Institute for Consultancy and Studies in Sustainable Development (ICEDD), who came on 16 May and stayed three days in Tuscany for visits to and workshops at Enel Green Power's geothermal plants. Enel is a pioneer in geothermal energy, with Larderello harnessing energy from the earth for industrial purposes for the first time more than a century ago. Since then the Amiata area has become a geothermal district of huge global significance.
Enel's geothermal activitieshave been key to a model of innovation, sustainability and efficiency that the Group has been developed over the years. In Tuscany, the Group has patented and equipped its plants with air quality improvement systems such as AMIS, which practically eliminates natural gases and metals in geothermal steam. At the Bagnore 4 plant currently under construction it has introduced a cutting-edge ammonia reduction solution, and in the Livorno experimental centre it is developing a technology that harnesses medium and low enthalpy geothermal sources which is currently being used at the Stillwater facility in the USA.
Enel's solar power, biomass and wind power research are a ley party of operations at the Catania and Brindisi centres. The 25,000 cubic metres of laboratories and offices in the Sicilian city of Catania are being used for the development of PV solar and thermodynamic power and are home to remote monitoring and remote diagnostic station that tests all of Enel's PV solar facilities in order to identify ways to lower energy generation costs as much as possible. As well as being where wind power forecasting studies are carried out, Brindisi is where the Energy Farm is operating, which enables the studying the development of integrated supply chains for electricity and thermal energy from agricultural and forest biomass.