The European Union continues in its fight against climate change with measures that will affect the transport sector, which accounts for about one quarter of total greenhouse gas emissions. The recent 2014/94/Ue Directive requires Member States to develop policy frameworks [TD1] for the development of alternative fuels and the installation of an adequate number of charging points for electric vehicles. Each State must deliver its strategic plan to the European Commission by November 2016.
The new directive stems from the need for a common European policy to prevent market fragmentation in the sector. The document defines technical standards for the infrastructure and asks for the installation of a charging network by 2020, based on the estimated number of electric vehicles that will be in circulation by that date.
The EU regulation marks an important step in the development of e-mobility. The limited number of charging points has thus far represented one of the major deterrents to the sale of electric vehicles, and the obligation to increase the number of stations should gradually solve the problem.
Charging socket standards have also been outlined: as of 18 November 2017, all AC charging stations must comply with the EN 62196-2 standard Type 2 connector already adopted by Enel. Furthermore, the Directive states that charging stations must be equipped with smart meters, another feature that is already present in the Group's charging systems.
For years now Enel has been active in the creation of an innovative and technologically advanced charging network, with both public (Pole Stations) and private (Box Station) charging columns that are tailored to the needs of customers and make charging easy, affordable and safe.
The Group is also involved in important projects for the development and promotion of e-mobility in the countries in which it operates: in Italy and in Spain, where it developed Europe's first interoperable network for customers in different countries, and across Latin America.