Endesa was chosen by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment's Climate Change Office (OECC) to represent the energy sector in stage two of the Adapta Initiative pilot study.
The Enel Group subsidiary has been taking part in the project, which will see an extension of the country's National Climate Change Adaptation Plan to the private sector in addition to its integration into corporate strategies, since its launch in 2013. The companies chosen to participate belong to five key sectors of the Spanish economy: energy, tourism, construction, agriculture and transport.
Endesa is the only energy company to have been selected for the second phase of the Adapta Initiative, recognition that underlines the commitment of both the Spanish subsidiary and the Enel Group to promote environmental sustainability: the fight against climate change and an sound adaptation plan are key factors in corporate decision-making.
Endesa has been chosen to carry out a climate change vulnerability study at hydropower plants along the basin of the Guadalquivir River.
The initial phase of the study will see analysis of the impact of climate change on the river basins, and consequently on the plants, between now and 2100. The analysis will be based on four climate change variables – temperature, rainfall, and the occurrence of heat waves and frost – that were established by the Spanish Meteorological Agency and by Andalusian institutions, and which allowed experts to create a risk map of climate impact.
In the second stage a cost-benefit analysis will be carried out in order to compare the five possible measures required to adapt the plants to climate change.
The Endesa hydropower plants taking part in Adapta are:
- Cala: a 12.8-megawatt reservoir plant, located north of Seville on the Cala Rivera river.
- Tranco: a 39.8MW reservoir plant in the province of Jaen in the upper reaches of the Guadalquivir and in the Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas natural park. Its stored water is used for agricultural irrigation.
- Méngibar: a 4.2MW run-of-the-river plant north of Méngibar in the province of Jaen.