Electric cars, car sharing and car pooling: sustainable mobility has many forms and a growing number of vehicles, from full electric to hybrid vehicles, and technologies that range from lithium and graphene batteries, to various connectors that help drivers "fill up" their cars at charging stations.
The spread of electric vehicles differs between countries and regions. While Norway and Sweden are European leaders, the United States is the world's number one, where California stands out: 50 percent of electric vehicles on the US market were there sold in 2014. There is debate regarding the schedule for the penetration and spreading of electric vehicles, but more than 100 years after the first electric vehicle was built in 1884 – two years before the first petrol-fuelled car – the charge towards e-mobility seems unstoppable.
Infrastructure and electricity systems need to keep up with the pace if they are to support the use of electric cars. Enel has long been working on this, and it has created fast charging stations and developed a distribution grid adjusted to the consumption, load and management needs required by the growth of the charging network.
Electric Mobility Management (EMM) is a remote control central system that aids the supervision and monitoring of the charging infrastructure installed by Enel. The system enables the management of the entire charging process and the collection data used for the provision of further services to customers. This is the jewel in the crown of the e-mobility solutions offered by Enel Distribuzione composed of three main modules:
- Power grid control
- The infrastructure management system;
- The contracts management system;
Thanks to a web-based graphic, EMM provides information not only to "electric drivers", but to all e-mobility operators: energy suppliers and distributors, grid managers and those carrying out maintenance of charging stations.