The reduction of CO2 emissions in the transport sector is one of the main objectives of European governments and global efforts to fight climate change. The development and deployment of electric vehicles and charging systems in order to make e-mobility more practical and affordable is one of the main challenges for energy and automotive operators.
This was demonstrated by the recent publication of the Global EV Outlook 2015 by the IEA (International Energy Agency), according to which, between 2008 and 2014, investments in electric mobility and associated technologies have grown steadily in different countries. Both electric vehicle sales and supply networks have expanded. Between 2012 and 2014, slower standard charging stations have more than doubled, while the number of Fast-Charging points has increased eightfold.
The Enel Group’s Spanish subsidiary Endesa is a major world leader in the electric mobility sector, in the testing and development of charging systems, as well as in the promotion of e-mobility.
Further proof of this lies in the Zem2All (zero emissions for all) project, thanks to which Endesa has installed
23 e-vehicle charging points in the city of Malaga as part of a smart city project, creating the largest Fast-Charging network ever developed in a European city. Since the initiative was launched in 2013, the 209 electric cars that have joined the project have covered approximately 3 million kilometres, the distance of 100 trips around the Earth. In order to cover this distance, drivers stopped more than 95,000 times to “fill up” at the charging points, avoiding 286 tons of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere – a result that could otherwise only have been obtained by planting 953 trees.
With Zem2All, vehicles and refuelling infrastructures are connected to a control centre that sends real-time information to facilitate transport within the city and make it more efficient.. Using an app that can be downloaded on a smartphone, customers can receive information on the battery life of their vehicles and book a charge-up at one of the nearest charging points.
Along the lines of Zem2All, Endesa has recently developed eCAR, the first Fast Self-Charging Club for electric vehicles. The initiative is based on the creation of a smart network of six fast charging points (which charge a battery to 80% in less than 30 minutes) on the island of Majorca, ensuring full "battery" autonomy to travel around the island. The charging points are strategically located, with an average distance of 35 kilometres between each one. The service stations feature three types of connectors currently available on the market, allowing all types of electric vehicles to be charged. Customers are directly charged for their consumption at the end of the month, and as with Zem2All, users may download a smartphone app to locate the nearest charging points, find the best routes and calculate travel times.
Within the framework of electric mobility and smart city initiatives, in recent months, Endesa has joined the GrowSmarter project, supported by the European Commission through the Horizon 2020 (H2020) programme. The initiative was launched in Barcelona in late April and involves the installation of five FASTO charging points, a technology developed by Enel to recharge up to three vehicles simultaneously in 20-30 minutes. Endesa has also implemented three V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid) stations, a two-way charging system that not only charges electric vehicles, but also stores energy by using the vehicles’ batteries as storage devices, making it possible to feed electricity back into the electrical power grid. The charging points will be installed in parking lots and in a shopping centre in the Glories district, and will be used by a fleet of 20 electric taxis.