Sardinia, a green lab for a sustainable and gas-free future

Sardinia, a green lab for a sustainable and gas-free future

As Enel continues on its journey as Renewables Super Major, CEO Francesco Starace offers a road map for the decarbonization process in Sardinia (Italy) in which decarbonization will skip the gas stage altogether. And, as part of a just transition that leaves no one behind, the electrification process will create thousands of new jobs. In addition, the decarbonization road map set for Sardinia can become a blueprint to be replicated in other geographies where the great volatility of gas prices is causing a rise in electricity bills.


Such is Sardinia’s natural beauty that its “Costa Smeralda” or “Emerald Coast” is famous the world over, but perhaps green is a more appropriate color for describing the island’s future, as it leads the way in the energy transition. According to Enel CEO Francesco Starace, Sardinia could occupy a unique position in the Mediterranean. In recent statements he describes an idyllic scenario that is only a few years away: “A completely green island, with electric cars at tourist destinations, both at the seaside and inland, with ports that are free from the diesel fuel of the ships that are moored there as they would be powered by electricity.” In other words, Sardinia is perfect for sustainable tourism.

The reason for this optimism is well founded. Sardinia is far larger than other tourist destinations like the Greek and Balearic Islands (which is a clear advantage in terms of building wind farms and solar power plants), and could provide something of a test bench for the rest of the Mediterranean. This is also thanks to its attractive qualities, in terms of its tourism and “strong entrepreneurial spirit.”

Enel’s plan for Sardinia, like those for its operations elsewhere, is focused on the year 2030. As Starace explains, the starting point was an investment analysis, which was carried out with the Italian Transmission System Operator, of the “Tyrrhenian Link,” which will hook up Sardinia with Sicily, Italy’s other large island, and Campania, the region around the southern city of Naples. This will connect Sardinia to Italy’s national grid. The deadline for closing down coal-fired power plants is 2025. In some cases, gas is seen as a temporary alternative but, as Starace points out, there is no gas in Sardinia and therefore this phase can be “skipped” altogether.

“In analyzing the NRRP (National Recovery and Resilience Plan), we asked ourselves: Is it possible for such a large and important part of the country to “skip” gas and be ahead of everyone else in having a truly green energy and industrial park? Is it possible for such a precious part of the country to make such a leap forward? We believe that it is”, says Starace.

Such a leap forward can become particularly important in the current context where gas prices are skyrocketing, bringing about a rise in electricity prices in several European countries. This shows that dependence on gas should be reduced, due to its high price volatility, while we must go full tilt to further integrate renewables. Sardinia can set a replicable model to demonstrate that by accelerating the development of renewables and storage, a transition towards a 100% sustainable future with no gas is possible.

In specific terms, the electrification plan for Sardinia is based on the island’s natural resources, specifically sun, wind and water, all of which are in abundance. Once the Tyrrhenian Link is up and running (and it should be by 2030, if not before), an extra gigawatt of battery power and 4 to 5 gigawatts of renewable energy (with respect to what is currently envisioned) could be installed. This would entail an investment of 15 billion euros between now and 2030 and could create somewhere between 10,000 and 15,000 jobs, thus offsetting the coal plant closure. “I want to be clear here. At the end of this journey, which will last several years, no one will be left without a job. In Sardinia we need to hire people, not send them home. It is a policy at Enel never to abandon our collaborators. We will be hiring people, rather than firing them”, stresses Starace.