The protection of biodiversity is one of the most important values to measure the sustainability of a company. Preserving ecosystems and species means safeguarding life, the natural heritage of the planet, places and the symbols of communities.
Enel’s commitment to biodiversity is based on the over 140 projects completed in 16 countries.
These are initiatives implemented near our plants (thermal, renewables, grids), with common characteristics and differences that depend on the technology and the size of the plants.
At our large thermoelectric power stations, during their operation and with regard to emissions into the atmosphere and discharges, we carry out extended monitoring programmes on the balance and status of ecosystems (flora, fauna and marine and aquatic environments).
The grid is frequently at the centre of projects for the protection of wild birds and bats through the prevention of the risk of electrocution on lines, the securing of the cables of power lines and the laying of supports when trestles are one of the favourite places for nesting by birds (e.g., storks).
At hydroelectric power plants, our projects aim at maintaining the richness and vitality of river ecosystems and include studies for the characterization of the minimum vital flow, the construction of stairs and elevators for non-resident fish species, fish stocking and repopulation to maintain autochthonous species.
At our wind farms, we carry out constant monitoring of birds both before and after construction. Moreover, since these plants are often located in prairie environments, we promote actions to safeguard fauna that inhabits and crosses through the surrounding areas.
In addition to the projects, Enel is engaged in a series of activities that integrate environmental protection with environmental education, interventions to ensure full fruition of natural havens and reserves around plants and a series of actions to enhance completed projects that have become part of the symbiotic relationship that plants create with the territory.
One example of this is the combined cycle thermoelectric power plant in Priolo Gargallo, which returns the cooling water to supply the nearby salt pans in dry periods (Saline di Priolo nature reserve, Syracuse) thus contributing to the preservation of one of Italy's richest brackish areas in terms of bird species.