The protection of biodiversity is one of the most important values with which a company's sustainability is measured.
Preserving ecosystems and species means respecting life, natural heritage of the planet, places and symbols of the communities.
Enel is aware of the value of ecosystems and biodiversity and is traditionally committed to responsible management of natural resources during the design, construction and operation phases.
Biodiversity is one of the strategic targets of the environmental policy and is regulated by a specific policy, which Enel adopted in 2015 defining the guidelines for all the Group’s biodiversity protection initiatives.
Enel undertakes to plan activities that can interfere with natural species and habitats by respecting the principle of "no net loss" of biodiversity ("no net loss") and, where applicable, with a positive net balance.
As part of the 2020-2022 Sustainability Plan, Enel has defined the following objectives aimed at preserving biodiversity in the areas in which the Group operates:
- Improvement and systematization of business processes for the biodiversity risk assessment for new plants
- Testing of project and global indicators on the impact and conservation of biodiversity and development of a reporting system for progressive organizational levels
Enel’s commitment to biodiversity covered in 2019 114 projects, with an overall investment of 8.9 million euros to recover 1,300 hectares of habitat.
These are initiatives carried out near the Group's plants and infrastructures (thermal, renewable, electricity), and whose implementation is linked to the context in which they are built, the technology and the extent of the impacted area.
Activities for biodiversity conservation follow the development of the power station facilities and in recent years have focussed on the renewable segment and on the networks across an increasing number of countries.
the potential exposure to a biodiversity risk is highlighted during the feasibility phase analysis of new power plants, taking into account the geographic closeness of the sites to protected areas, to important biodiversity zones, and the potential presence of endangered species.
This evaluation is part of a more extensive analysis for the application of the “Creating Shared Value” module through which the Company engages with the socio-economic and environmental requirements of the territory, defining the project to create long-term values for itself and for the local communities.
In addition to the projects, the Group carries out a series of activities that integrate environmental protection with environmental education, interventions for a full use of the oases and reserves adjacent to the plants and a series of actions to enhance completed projects that have entered into part of the symbiotic relationship that the plants create with the territory.
Some measures are implemented during the plant work site phase (for example, during the construction of the power plant), others take longer to implement and include long-term off-setting (for example, the fish re-stocking project at the EI Quimbo plant).
Find out more by browsing the interactive version Sustainability Report 2019.